A cartel is a collusive agreement between rival business to eliminate the process of competition, i.e. not to compete against each other to capture sales.
Agreements between a supplier/distributor and its reseller in respect of the selling price of the reseller (resale price) is prohibited. The anti-competitive cooperation restricts competition on resale price to the detriment of consumers. A reseller/retailer must be free to independently set its own price at which it will resell/retail to consumers (resale price).
In this context only non-binding price recommendations (so-called recommended retail prices, RRP) and maximum retail prices (MRP) are admissible.
The Competition Commission investigates and may impose substantial fines on enterprises involved in an RPM agreement. The enforcement of the prohibition (investigation) and the decision making to impose fines is made by the Competition Commission without having recourse to Courts.